Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy (VRT) is a specialized branch of physiotherapy aimed at alleviating symptoms stemming from vestibular disorders. Typically, VRT incorporates manual head maneuvers and a progressive exercise regimen to mitigate vertigo, dizziness, visual impairments, and issues related to balance and falls.
Following an injury to the vestibular system, the central nervous system can compensate for diminished inner ear function. This compensation involves the brain adjusting to the imbalanced signals from the vestibular system by relying more heavily on alternative signals from other bodily systems. The central nervous system adapts to maintain vestibular balance through tailored exercise strategies. This process of central compensation alleviates the patient’s symptoms, allowing a return to normal function.
What is the Vestibular System?
Your vestibular system, comprised of inner ear organs, brain centers, and peripheral nerves, detects head movement and position. These inner ear sensors measure rotation, tilt, and directional motions and are connected to the brain via nerves. Your brain processes this information, combining it with input from other senses to trigger appropriate muscle reactions for balance and coordination.